No anatomical illustrations of the entire human body are preserved from the Islamic world before those which accompany the Persian treatise composed by Mansur ibn Muhammad ibn Ahmad ibn Yusuf ibn Ilyas, who came from a Persian family of scholars and physicians working in the city of Shiraz.

The treatise consists of an introduction followed by five chapters on the five “systems” of the body: bones, nerves, muscles, veins, and arteries – each illustrated with a full-page diagram. The images here are from two manuscripts. The first one is from 1488. The other one is undated and unsigned; probably 15th or early 16th-century. (U.S. National Library of Medicine. → More)

First Manuscript (1488)


Second Manuscript (undated and unsigned; probably 15th or early 16th-century)


✤ Also available in: Persian

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